1.Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology(Qingdao);2.Navy Submarine Academy
The National Key Technologies R&D Program of China(2021YFC3100903/2021YFC3100905)
Underwater gliders and wave gliders are widely used in oceanographic exploration missions because of their characteristics of low energy consumption, long endurance, flexibility and mobility. A single gliders cannot meet the needs of diversity and complexity of marine tasks, with the help of underwater acoustic communication technology, underwater gliders and wave gliders can be combined to form a formation structure of heterogeneous gliders, establish a trans-medium information transmission link, and expand the range and monitoring ability of gliders. This paper briefly introduces the research status, common algorithms and their advantages and disadvantages of underwater acoustic communication technology, reviews the research and application status of isomer glider underwater acoustic communication technology at home and abroad, and discusses the difficulties and future research trends of isomer glider underwater acoustic communication technology. This paper is of great value to the research and application of underwater acoustic communication and networking for heterogeneous gliders.